What Causes Low Thyroid and How to Treat It
What is an underactive thyroid?
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which your thyroid gland does not generate enough hormones.
Tiredness, weight gain, and depression are common symptoms of an underactive thyroid.
There is no method to prevent a thyroid that is underactive. The majority of cases are caused by the immune system attacking and injuring the thyroid gland, or by thyroid damage that happens during some therapies for an overactive thyroid or thyroid cancer.
Symptoms of a Thyroid that Isn’t Working
Because many of the symptoms of an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) are similar to those of other diseases, it’s easy to mistake it for something else.
Symptoms normally appear gradually, and you may not be aware that you have a medical problem for years.
Tiredness, sensitivity to cold, weight gain, constipation, and depression are all common symptoms.
- sluggish thoughts and movements
- muscle aches and weakness
- muscle cramps
- dry and scaly skin
- brittle hair and nails
- lack of libido (sex drive)
- discomfort, numbness, and tingling in the hand and fingers (carpal tunnel syndrome)
Memory issues and sadness are common in elderly adults who have an underactive thyroid. Children’s growth and development may be slowed. Teenagers may experience puberty earlier than expected.
Because the disease is generally detected before more significant symptoms develop, it’s unlikely that you’d have many of the later symptoms of an underactive thyroid if it’s not addressed.
A low-pitched and raspy voice, a puffy-looking face, thinning or partially missing eyebrows, a slow heart rate, hearing loss, and anemia are all later indications of an underactive thyroid.
When should you see your doctor?
The symptoms of an underactive thyroid are often confused with those of other diseases, and they develop slowly, so you may not notice them for years.
If you have symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, depression, sensitivity to the cold, dry skin and hair, or muscle aches, you should contact your doctor and ask to be tested for an underactive thyroid.
The only way to know for sure if you have a thyroid condition is to get a thyroid function test, which involves taking a sample of blood and measuring your hormone levels.
If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, contact us and request a thyroid test.